The History of Yokohama International School
From 1924 to the present time
- By Dennis Stanworth, Head of Academics
The idea of an international school in Yokohama, Japan, was germinated at a meeting held on September 24th 1924 shortly after the Great Kanto Earthquake. Six founding members pledged moral and financial support to the forming of a new school for foreign students to be named Yokohama International School (YIS). This was only the second school in the modern era to use the word ‘international’ in its name behind the International School of Geneva which opened its doors just weeks before. Morning classes commenced on October 27th 1924 in a rented room at the local YMCA with an enrolment of six students aged between six and twelve years and a locally employed female teacher. It should be noted that one of the founding members of the school was Paul Nipkow, the family name synonymous with the famous Nipkow disc, an image scanning device used in the mechanical television up until 1932.
In the ensuing years, the number of students attending the school grew and in 1936, it was decided that YIS should open a boarding facility on the Principal’s residence to give more scope to this increasing enrolment. By March 1937, the number of students had reached 102 compared to 52 the year before. Twelve teachers were employed at the time. The YCAC (Yokohama Country and Athletic Club), in the same year agreed to the school using its field on Wednesday afternoons for cricket and football (soccer). By 1939, YIS had grown to 110 students spanning 21 nationalities. Two years later, due to the pressures of war, constraints were being imposed on the school by the Japanese Government and by December of that year, YIS had closed. Soon after, the site became a refugee centre for German nationals, and then later an air defense training school. Unfortunately, on May 29th 1945, the school buildings were swept away by an air raid fire leaving only the concrete structures intact.
Under the act of the ‘Restoration of the United Nations Nationality Property in Japan’, in November 1951, repossession of the land that housed YIS was formally completed. With active support of foreign businesses and an indemnity payment received from the Japanese government, a new building was erected on the original site and the school was reopened on September 15th 1955 with an enrollment of 8 children.
During subsequent years, there was rapid enrolment growth and on March 9th 1958, over 150 foreigners and families of 5 nationalities attended the opening of a second building. With a third building being added in 1962 (known as ‘the Middle Building’), it gave more room for growth and by 1967, the enolment figure had reached a staggering 320 students. The ‘Main Building’ was added in 1969 and in the same year, the school became registered as a ‘School Juridical Person’, (Gakko Hojin).
The first cohort group of Grade 9 students began classes in the fall of the same year and this group of nine students became the first graduates of the school, the ‘Class of 1973’. In 1986, YIS began its first class for the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IBDP) dispensing with the British ‘A’ Levels which were, up to that point, offered in the last two years of high school. The school became fully accredited in 1991 by the European Council of International Schools (ECIS) and the New England Association of Schools and Colleges (NEASC). Mid 1990’s, the school introduced the IGCSE (the International General Certificate in Secondary Education) in Grades 9 and 10, replacing the GCE’s (General Certificate in Education).
1999 was a year of celebration for the school – its 75th anniversary. A week of celebrations and events attended by dignitaries, former heads, parents, alumni, and the school community at large was organized, culminating in a huge party at the Pan Pacific Hotel in Yokohama with many ambassadors as guests of honour. In the same year the school founded the Schools Building Schools programme (SBS), a project involving the raising of funds to build schools in less fortunate countries around the world.
In 2000, YIS became the first school in Japan to offer the Reggio Emilia programme for the early learners, and a year later became the first school in Japan authorized to offer the Primary Years Program of the IBO, the International Baccalaureate Organisation. By 2003, the school’s structure included the Early Learning Centre, (ages 3-5), an Elementary School (K-5), a Middle School, (Grades 6-8) and a High School, (Grades 9-12)
In the fall of 2010, YIS introduced the first year of the IB Middle Years Program (MYP) to its grade 6 students. The IGCSE will have been phased out and the MYP fully implemented across grades 6 - 10 by the end of the 2014-15 shool year.
An outgrowth of our unique Japanese music program introduced several years earlier, the International Center for Japanese Culture at YIS became fully operational in the 2011-12 school year. ICJC offers a wide range of cultural experiences and activities for students and the wider community, including instruction in Japanese musical instruments, tea ceremony, workshops and lectures to name a few.
In the spring of 2012, YIS was again granted full accredited status following a comprehensive self-study and rigorous evaluation by members of the Council of International Schools and the New England Association of Schools and Colleges. Also in the spring of 2012, YIS was chosen as one of only four schools worldwide to take the lead in a feasibility study of offering online IBDP courses to students not enrolled in IB schools. This IB Open World School project, as it is known, presents an exciting development for students who would not normally have the opportunity to have an IB experience. YIS will be a facilitator for the Asia Pacific region.
Presently, with an enrollment of around 650 students representing over 40 nationalities and faculty and staff numbering almost 100 people spanning over 15 nationalities, supported by various programmes and a culture rich in diversity, YIS strives to offer its internationally minded students a well-balanced international education. The school's curricula, its student-centered approach to both teaching and learning, and its mission, values and aims, all add in promoting the continuum for learning in an international context. Aspiring to instill the qualities embodied in the IB Learner Profile, YIS helps students to become better communicators, become more open-minded, principled, inquirers, knowledgeable, thinkers, caring citizens, risk-takers, balanced and reflective.
YIS, with a long history, played an important role in the 150th celebrations of the Port of Yokohama held in 2009, and in turn, it is without doubt that the city will join us in commemorating the 100th anniversary of the school in 2024.